It’s larger than the Maldives, and is home to 174 wind turbines, each 100-meters tall; meet the world’s largest wind farm.
Construction of what will become the world’s largest operational wind farm is nearing completion; when completed, it will be sure to transform the energy landscape in the UK. By 2020, the UK’s landmark project, Hornsea One, located 120km off the Yorkshire coast is expected to provide 1 million households power via wind power alone.
The wind farm features 174 seven-megawatt wind turbines, each 100-meters tall, with a blade circumference of 75-meters, and when it reaches completion, will produce nearly twice as much power as the current record holder. The Hornsea One wind farm has a capacity of 1.2-gigawatts, which dwarfs that of the Walney Extension wind farm located in the Irish Sea.
“A single rotation from one of the turbine’s blades is enough to power the average household for a day.”
The wind farm is part of the UK’s plan to deliver one-third of its electricity via offshore wind projects alone by the year 2030. Considering a single rotation from one of the turbine’s blades is enough to power the average household for a day, according to Orsted’s senior project manager, Stefan Hoonings - the company responsible for the wind farm’s construction - 174 of these turbines rotating 24-hours a day is set to provide a significant amount of renewable energy for the UK.
As it stands, the UK is the world’s largest market for offshore wind farms in the world, with 37 farms currently in operation.
“It’s the kind of project that can help governments achieve environmental targets.”
It was constructed by Norweigan company, Orsted, who has built 25 offshore wind farms across Asia, the US and Europe. The company has cut its use of coal by 73% since 2006, and has announced plans to operate free of coal by 2023. The company will have invested £12 billion in the UK for offshore wind projects by the turn of the decade, according to reports.
“Construction of the third and final phase will see more than 2-million homes powered by a single wind farm.”
According to the International Energy Agency, electricity generation via wind farms grew 12% last year, and is expected to meet more than 50% of the globe’s energy requirements by 2035. In the UK, at least, this number is set to be higher considering there are another three phases of the Hornsea project currently in the planning stages. When the second phase of construction takes place, Hornsea Two will supply up to 1.6-million homes, and the construction of the third and final phase will see more than 2-million homes powered by a single wind farm.
According to CNN Business, “it’s the kind of project that can help governments achieve environmental targets set out at this week’s United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York. Some 77 countries committed at the summit to cut greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by 2050, but climate activists including Greta Thunberg say that major emitters must do more to mitigate rising temperatures.”
“Despite the commitments made as part of the 2015 Paris climate agreement, global emissions continued to rise in 2018, and global energy demand grew at its fastest pace in a decade, according to the International Energy Agency. Coal use in power generation accounted for a third of total CO2 emissions, the IEA said.”